Lets Start By Going Over 3 Basics About Live-in Care

What services do live-ins offer?


Private hire live-ins do almost anything that a family member would do to help out by moving in with the care recipient.  That includes keeping the house maintained, cooking and cleaning, assisting mom or dad with any thing that they need physical help with (dressing, bathing, grooming, toileting, walking, and transferring)

They will feed the cat , walk the dog,  water the garden, and bring in the mail. They will assist with food-shopping, drive mom to see some of her  friends, or dad to the VFW fundraiser dinner. 

A private hire live-in can assist with medications, take dad to the foot doctor, or mom to dialysis 3x a week.  They can be like a personal assistant to the care recipient, or in memory care cases like dementia, take charge and safely guide the care recipient through the day.  

A live-in will help your parents stay living safe at their own home years longer then would otherwise be possible, to the great joy of mom or dad. 
Difference between 24 hr care & Live-in
There are some very big differences between 24/7 hourly home care and live-in care. Both serve to keep mom or dad safe at home when they cant do so by themselves anymore. 

Lets start with live-in care, which is what Grandma Joan helps families with.  

A single caregiver will move into a spare bedroom in the care recipient's home, and attend to the care recipient as needed all day long, then sleep over "just in case" help in needed overnight. Its the same person all month long. Not multiple people coming and going all day and night. Best for continuality of care.  

A live-in works 12-16 hrs each day, but then gets an unpaid* sleep shift of 8 hrs off each night. For these 8 hrs they are on-call (except CA). They will always get up in case of an emergency or to help them to the commode, but otherwise they need to be left alone to sleep and recharge. 

Most 7 day live-in cases are done with the live-in covering 6 days/7 nights and the family or a separate home care agency providing coverage for the live-ins one day off (usually 8-12 hrs).  If that is not an option, then the live-in will stay the 7th day as long as they are allowed respite during the week (a few 2 hour breaks to leave the home usually is enough)

24 hr home care on the other hand is for care recipients that need physical help or monitoring regularly during both days and during overnights. 

Usually 2-3 different caregivers come to the home each day and work 8-12 hour shifts in the home. To avoid overtime, agencies typically schedule 4-8 different people each month to fill all the shifts.  It's a nightmare to manage, as people call in sick or are running late and people are always coming and going.  This type of care used to be only used in very high needs cases because of the huge challenge of making it work, and the crushing cost to the family. Most agencies charge a min of $600 per day, $18,000 month for the service.

Live-ins Offer The Below Services

  1. Help with shopping and errands.
    Help with shopping and errands.
  2. Assistance with dressing.
    Assistance with dressing.
  3. Assistance with grooming.
    Assistance with grooming.
  4. Assistance with walking.
    Assistance with walking.
  5. Assistance with medications.
    Assistance with medications.
  6. Conversations and Companionship.
    Conversations and Companionship.
  7. Cooking healthy meals.
    Cooking healthy meals.
  8. Assistance with bathing.
    Assistance with bathing.
  9. Assistance with toileting.
    Assistance with toileting.
  10. 1 person transfers and patient lifts.
    1 person transfers and patient lifts.
  11. Bedbound or Hospice
    Bedbound or Hospice
  12. Memory care
    Memory care
Who does live-in care?
Generally speaking, the majority of professional live-in caregivers are foreign born, American women from 30-60 yrs old. There are plenty of exceptions of course, and about 5% are men.

In our experience, most of the American born caregivers prefer hourly shifts instead of live-in.

If you do the math, a live in is at work daily during three 8 hr shifts. That puts them at work the equivalent of 3 months for every one month that every one else works normal 8 hr workdays. They are at work an entire years worth of hours in just 4 months. Of course they are allowed to sleep on one of those shifts, but at work, not at home. Wow! 

It's a huge sacrifice to their own life, family, and friends that they make to move into and live with "strangers" who need help.  Most people born in the US have too many other oppertunities available to make such a great sacrifice.

On the other side we have immigrants who have become Americans but are from countries where elders are still held in very high regards and caring for them is a good position with purpose and meaning. The pay is low per hour, but overall the monthly amount is substantial for them to bank or use to support their family in their absence.  They are fluent in English, and most have been here for years taking care of American seniors at home.

That being said, there are people who were born in the US that find that they love the position too, but they are less common in most parts of the country, and generally prefer 8-12 hour shifts instead of live-in positions. 

*To learn about the law that governs domestic live-ins, and the pertinent requirements, visit the US Dept of Labor website using this link: 


Next: How It Works